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Fixed Point Theory and Applications by Ravi P. Agarwal, Maria Meehan, Donal O'Regan


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#1 Zaraki

Zaraki

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  • Sở thích:Mathematics, Manga

Đã gửi 13-12-2011 - 13:38


Perhaps the most well known result in the theory of fixed points is Banach’s contraction mapping principle. It is therefore fitting that we commence this book with a discussion of contractions and a proof of this result. In addition in Chapter 1, a local version and a generalisation of Banach’s contraction theorem are presented. We choose the problem of existence and uniqueness of solutions of certain first order initial value problems to demonstrate the results detailed in the chapter.
It is inevitable that any discussion on contractive maps will lead naturally to another on nonexpansive maps, which is why we choose this as the topic of Chapter 2. Schauder’s theorem for nonexpansive maps is presented but the main theorem discussed is a result proved independently in 1965 by Browder, G¨ohde and Kirk which shows that each nonexpansive map F : C → C, where C is a particular set in a Hilbert space, has at least one fixed point. As a natural lead in to the next chapter, we close Chapter 2 with a nonlinear alternative of Leray–Schauder type for nonexpansive maps.
Chapter 3 is concerned with continuation methods for contractive and nonexpansive maps. We show initially that the property of having a fixed point is invariant by homotopy for contractions. Using this result a nonlinear alternative of Leray–Schauder type is presented for contractive maps and subsequently generalised for nonexpansive maps. An application of the nonlinear alternative for contractions is demonstrated with a second order homogeneous Dirichlet problem.

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